Last modified: May 21, 2017

What is research integrity?

Research integrity concerns the responsible conduct of research and the prevention scientific misconduct and questionable research practices. Different words are used, such as scientific integrity and academic integrity, but on this website mainly the term Research Integrity (RI) is used. Fabrication, Falsification and Plagiarism (FFP) are the most serious violations of research integrity, but the definition in practice can differ per research field and from country to country. The definitions of QRP vary even more. However, the main issue is that scientific researchers have an obligation to themselves, their colleagues and the public to optimize validity, precision and efficiency ant to conduct and report their research in a responsible, transparant and honest manner.

As an introduction to the topic, we can recommend the booklet ‘On being a scientist: A Guide to Responsible Conduct in Research’ or ‘Research Integrity: What it means, Why it is important and How we might protect it’.

I am thinking of filing a complaint about a situation with a colleague. What is the procedure?

The procedures differ per research institution. You can find a link to the webpage on research integrity of most Dutch research institutions here. If your institution is not in this list yet, please let us know. Maybe your institution is not on the list because the institution’s webpage does not include information on research integrity. In that case, please have a look at your institution’s intranet.
Before you file a complaint, you might want to consult the confidential advisor (vertrouwenspersoon) on research integrity first.

Who ‘is’ NRIN?

NRIN is a network of people interested in and working on RI. The network was initiated by a working group consisting of prof. dr. Lex Bouter, prof. dr. Hanneke de Haes, prof. mr. Ton Hol, prof. dr. Evert van Leeuwen, prof. dr. Jack Pronk, and prof. dr. Frits Rosendaal. After prof. dr. Jack Pronk had left the working group, prof. dr. ir. Anthonie Meijers took that position and joined the group in 2017.
The working group is chaired by prof. dr. Lex Bouter (View Lex Bouter's LinkedIn profile View profile). The coordinator of NRIN is Fenneke Blom ( View Fenneke Blom's LinkedIn profile View profile).

Who is funding the NRIN?

The first three years of NRIN are funded by the Netherlands Organisation for Health Research and Development (ZonMw).

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Frequently used abbreviations


Falsification, Fabrication and Plagiarism


Fostering Responsible Research Practices


Netherlands Research Integrity Network


Office of Research Integrity


Questionable Research Practices


Responsible Conduct of Research


Research Integrity


Research Integrity Officer


Research Misconduct


Responsible Research Innovation

NRIN devotes a great deal of attention to the website’s content and would greatly appreciate your suggestions of documents or links you believe to belong on this website.

This selection is an incomplete convenience sample, and does not reflect NRIN’s vision or opinion. Including an item does not necessarily mean that we agree with the authors nor does it imply we think unmentioned items are of poorer quality.

Please report any suggestions, inaccuracies or nonfunctioning hyperlinks etc. that you discover. Thanks in advance!