Recently, science has increasingly become compromised by issues having to do with the integrity of researchers, research teams and their institutions. Individuals, institutions, and the culture in which science can grow and proliferate seem to have become driven by incentives produced by the need to survive in present day academic reality, such as increased dependency on contract research, output-based financing, impact-factor-based publishing and the need for strategic maximization of Hirsch index, which makes them vulnerable to breaches of integrity. For young scientists in training, but also for established academic scholars, thus the question arises: What are the pitfalls of science and of how to develop and maintain a high ethical standard in the present-day academic reality? Utrecht University offers a one week course for PhD-candidates of the Graduate School of Geosciences. In five afternoon sessions, key-issues in academic integrity are explored. Each session starts with a 1.5 hour lecture, followed by discussions in break-out groups.