In 1903 French physicist Prosper-René Blondlot described N-rays, a form of radiation. Different reputable physicist failed to replicate …
Martin Fleischmann was a British chemist noted for his work in electrochemistry. Fleischmann confided to Stanley Pons that he might have found what he believed to be a way to create nuclear fusion at room temperatures. From 1983 to 1989, he and Pons did self-funded experiments at the University of Utah. On 23 March 1989 it was finally announced at a press conference as “a sustained nuclear fusion reaction,” which was quickly labelled by the press as cold fusion, a result previously thought to be unattainable. They asked other scientists not to try replications until a published paper was available two weeks later, but that was a vain attempt. More often than not the other scientists failed to reproduce the effects. Those who failed to reproduce the claim attacked the pair for fraudulent, sloppy, and unethical work; incomplete, unreproducible, and inaccurate results; and erroneous interpretations. When the paper was finally published, both electrochemists and physicists called it “sloppy” and “uninformative”, and it was said that, had Fleischmann and Pons waited for the publication of their paper, most of the trouble would have been avoided because scientists would not have gone so far in trying to test their work.
(summary from Wikipedia)
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