Title: Questionable research practices among italian research psychologists.
Authors: Agnoli F, Wicherts JM, Veldkamp CL, Albiero P, Cubelli R
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0172792 (2017)
In 2005 John P.A. Ioannidis (Stanford University) published his famous article ”Why Most published Research Findings are false”, which became the starting point of a crisis of confidence in the field of psychology. As a result many studies were conducted to uncover the presence and consequences of Questionable Research Practices (QRP), or the ’methodological and statistical practices that bias the scientific literature and undermine the credibility and reproducibility of research findings’.
A survey in the United States revealed an alarmingly high number of university psychologists who all had, in one way or another, used QRP in ways that might have contaminated their work. This article presents the results of a replication study conducted among Italian research psychologists. It shows that, on the basis of the similarity of the results in the US and a related study that was conducted in Germany, we have much reason to believe that QRP are an international phenomenon, and is likely due to systemic features of the international research and publication process.
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