Although plagiarism has long been identified as a serious threat to scientific progress and collaboration, little is known about the occurrence of plagiarism in developing countries. The numbers available are almost exclusively derived from developed countries, but when it comes to a Latin-American country such as Peru, we are still left in the dark. The authors of this article argue that, in a world in which research has become more international and interdependent, studies exploring the presence of plagiarism in developing countries are critically needed.
The article presents the results of a ‘longitudinal case study of seven instances of plagiarism and cheating arising in four consecutive classes (2011–2014) of an Epidemiology Masters program in Lima, Peru, and describes the implementation and outcomes of a multifaceted, “zero-tolerance” policy aimed at introducing research integrity’. It illustrates how cultural and economic factors can influence the way people relate and respond to plagiarism. Moreover the authors identify specific factors that might enable this type of research misconduct, such as lack of training, poor writing skills, a tolerance to misconduct etc.
Title: Plagiarism, Cheating and Research Integrity: Case Studies from a Masters Program in Peru
Authors: Carnero AM, Mayta-Tristan P, Konda KA, Mezones-Holguin E, Bernabe-Ortiz A, Alvarado GF, Canelo-Aybar C, Maguiña JL, Segura ER, Quispe AM, Smith ES, Bayer AM & Lescano, AG.
doi: 10.1007/s11948-016-9820-z (2016)