ALLEA – European Federation of Academies of Sciences and Humanities
European Federation of Academies of Sciences and Humanities (ALLEA) has a permanent working group
Both, the pressure to publish and publication bias do generally not contribute to responsible research practices. On the contrary, they can stimulate questionable research practices such as selective reporting, HARKing and p-hacking. The DORA agreement provides recommendations on how scientific research should be evaluated by funding agencies, academic institutions, and other parties. It recognizes the various contributions of scientific research next to research articles, for instance, highly trained young scientists.
To improve the ways in which the output of scientific research is evaluated “a group of editors and publishers of scholarly journals met during the Annual Meeting of The American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB) in San Francisco, CA, on December 16, 2012. The group developed a set of recommendations, referred to as the San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment.” Among others, DORA recommends to move away from journal impact factors (JIFs) as a measure of scientific quality. That was after all, not what the JIF was created for. Instead it was supposed to help librarians identify journals to purchase.
The following themes run through DORA:
Interested parties across countries and scientific disciplines are invited to sign the declaration. So far 495 organisations have signed the agreement (on 6th of July 2018). Among the signers are the Association of Universities in the Netherlands (VSNU), the European University Association and universities and research institutes in the United Kingdom, Norway, Switserland, and Germany. You can see a list of all signers here.
You can contact DORA if you know of research assessment methods that could provide inspiration and ideas for others.
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